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Types of Developmental Therapy

Speech & Language Therapy

Speech and language therapy helps clients with speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders.

Speech-Language Pathologists treat:

  • Speech sound disorders: difficulty producing speech sounds correctly, speaking fluently, or problems with voice or resonance.

  • Language disorders: trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings (expressive language). 

  • Social communication disorders: trouble with the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication. 

  • Cognitive-communication disorders: problems organizing thoughts, paying attention, remembering, planning, and/or problem-solving. 

  • Swallowing disorders (dysphagia): are feeding and swallowing difficulties.

  • People who are deaf or hard of hearing.

  • People who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems. 

- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy helps clients regain, develop, and build skills that are essential for independent functioning, health, and well-being. Occupational Therapists focus on helping children thrive in the “occupation” of childhood-learning, playing, and growing. They help students develop the skills and confidence needed to succeed and be independent despite learning or developmental disabilities, or behavioral problems.

The core of occupational therapy is to promote participation. This can mean helping a child who has concentration challenges to succeed in school, supporting a child with autism to socialize, helping a child who uses a wheelchair to play with his or her peers, helping a child with a developmental disability get dressed independently, helping all children to play with toys or use tools such as crayons—addressing whatever may be a particular child’s skills and needs.


-American Occupational Therapy Association

Physical Therapy

Physical therapists identify, diagnose, and treat movement problems. Physical therapists design treatment plans specific to each person's needs, challenges, and goals. They work together with you to develop strategies and help you achieve your goals.


Physical therapists and PTAs care for people of all ages and abilities.  They help people maintain or restore as much function as possible. Physical function and movement are very important to 

  • Maintain health, wellness, and fitness.

  • Manage pain.

  • Maintain independence.

Physical therapists help people overcome barriers to physical activity.

- American Physical Therapy Association

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