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What You Should Know About Concussions


Does your child enjoy playing outside with friends, playing rough, or playing sports? If you

answered yes to any of these questions or if you feel like your child may be at risk for concussion, this article is for you. Please continue reading to learn more about concussion symptoms, what to do if you suspect your child has a concussion, how to best care for a child with a concussion and learn about second impact syndrome.


Disclaimer: This information is not meant to replace medical advice, please consult your

pediatrician or primary care physician if your child has suffered a physical trauma or blow to the head. Please call 911 if your child is in critical condition or in the case of an emergency.


What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a generally mild type of brain injury and typically result from a blow, bump, or injury to the head or body. Look out for common signs and symptoms that your child may have a concussion.


If you suspect your child has sustained a concussion it is best to have them evaluated by a

healthcare professional as an additional precaution to rule out a more serious injury to the brain, neck, or spine.


If you want to learn more about what happens in a concussion, how kids get concussions, how they are diagnosed, and more check out this article from Kids Health: https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/concussions.html


Common Concussion Symptoms Include:

  • Headache or feeling pressure in the head

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Trouble with balance

  • Dizziness

  • Seeing double

  • Agitated by light or sound

  • Tiredness, fatigue, hazy, foggy or groggy

  • Confusion

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Not feeling right or feeling down

Signs of Concussion That Can Be Observed:

  • Memory loss or trouble recalling events prior to the injury

  • Appears dazed or stunned

  • Easily distracted or forgets instructions

  • Increased clumsiness

  • Slow to answer questions

  • Passing out

  • Changes in mood or behavior

How to Treat Mild Concussions at Home (After Being Evaluated by a Healthcare Professional):


Relative Rest

What is Relative Rest?

Relative rest is limiting activities that require thinking and mental concentration

especially in the first 2 days after sustaining a concussion.

Note

Complete rest to include laying in a dark and quiet room and avoiding all stimuli is not

recommended as it is not shown to aid in the recovery from a concussion. To learn

more, check out our resources.


Symptom Management


It is important to gradually return to routine activities that do not place your child at

high risk of sustaining another concussion. However, it is important to monitor your

child’s symptoms while they are completing tasks that require exertion or mental

concentration. If their symptoms worsen with an activity, it should be stopped and the

child should either rest, try another activity, or try a modified version of the original

activity as long as symptoms do. not continue to worsen.


If you have questions about timelines to return to sport or high-risk activities, you

should consult with your primary care doctor.


Pain Relief


Headaches are a common symptom of concussions and pain is typically treated with

pain reliever like acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, and more), or

aspirin. Again, it is always best to consult with your doctor or pharmacist for safety

before providing pain relievers to your child.


Resources:


Concussion Signs and Symptoms:

https://www.cdc.gov/headsup/basics/concussion_symptoms.html


KidsHealth: https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/concussions.html


Mayo Clinic: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/concussion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355600#:~:text=Physical%20and%20mental%20rest&text=Relative%20rest%2C%20which%20includes%20limiting,recovery%20and%20is%20not%20recommended